One of the master peaces of complex Pashupatinath Temple and the most secret and spiritual temple lies on the west bank of Holy River Bagmati at Kathmandu which is 4 km east from Kathmandu down Town which is dedicated to Loard Shiva “Pashupati”. Lord Shiva is worshipped as Pashupati, which means Lord of all living creatures. It was established in the 5th century, and served as the seat of national deity, Lord Pashupatinath, until Nepal was secularized. However, a significant part of the temple was destroyed by Mughal invaders in the 14th century and little or nothing remains of the original 5th century temple exterior. The temple as it stands today was built in the 19th century, although the image of the bull and the black four headed image of Pashupati are at least 300 years old. Shivaratri or the night of Lord Shiva is the most important festival, attracting thousands of devotees and sadhus. Hundreds of thousands of Hindus from all over world make pilgrimage on the day of Shivaratri (Night of Shiva, one day before black moon in February).
Believers in Pashupatinath (mainly Hindus) are allowed to enter the temple premises but non-Hindu visitors are allowed to view the temple from the across the bank of Bagmati river. The priests who perform the services at this temple have been Brahmins from South India since the time of Malla king Yaksha Malla. This tradition is believed to have been started at the request of Adi Shankaracharya who sought to unify the different states of India by encouraging cultural exchange.
The temple is built in the pagoda style of architecture, with cubic constructions, beautifully carved wooden rafters on which they rest (Tundal) and two level roofs made of copper and gilded in gold. It has four main doors; all covered with silver sheets and the western door has a statue of large bull or Nandi, again covered in gold. The deity is of black stone, about 6 feet in height and the same in circumference.
The most spiritual temple Pashupatinath attracts thousands of Hindu and Buddhist pilgrimage every day from around the world. Guheswori temple is the most important among other temples. A walk from this temple to Aryaghat near Pashupatinath temple is very popular among non-Hindu tourists. Pashupatinath Temple area is UNESCO World Heritage site.